What Are NKRAs?

GTP 1.0 Fighting Corruption

The initiatives of the GTP 1.0 aimed to arrest the issue of corruption through a number of broad-based initiatives that addressed the problem of corruption from the top-down. The COL NKRA introduced programmes that not only looked at the problem of corruption within the enforcement agencies, but also tightened the Government procurement system to minimise opportunities for corruption.

 

  • Establish Compliance Units in Key Enforcement Agencies

    Establish Compliance Units in Key Enforcement Agencies

    • The fight against corruption begins from the top, which is why the GTP 1.0 focused key transformation initiatives on the five key enforcement agencies, namely:

      • The Royal Malaysian Police Force (Polis DiRaja Malaysia or PDRM)
      • The Immigration Department
      • The Royal Malaysian Customs Department
      • The Road Transport Department (JPJ)
      • The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC)
    • Each of these agencies now has their own individual compliance units that monitor and ensure proper conduct among their officers. Meanwhile, closed-circuit television cameras were introduced at Customs and Immigration “Hot Spot” checkpoints to provide better monitoring of practices by both enforcement officers and the general public.

  • Whistleblowing Protection for Civil Servants

    Whistleblowing Protection for Civil Servants

    • The COR NKRA implemented three initiatives in the GTP 1.0 to encourage whistleblowers to speak out on corrupt practices by granting them rewards and protection. The initiatives, specifically, are:

      • The Whistleblower Protection Act: The introduction of the Act in 2010 was directed at the enforcement agencies and offered protection to officials who reported corrupt practices.

      • Reward and recognition guidelines: In June 2011, government departments were issued guidelines on rewarding civil servants who reported instances of corruption that led to successful prosecutions. Civil servants received up to RM500 for reporting instances of corruption that were successfully prosecuted.

      • Public service reform booklet: Published in 2011, this booklet is a collation of all the changes made by all the Ministries and agencies in the way of reforming bureaucratic processes and procedures. The booklet was distributed nationally to promote awareness of the correct systems, processes and procedures to deter abuse.
  • Expediting Corruption Trials, ‘Name and Shame’ Database

    Expediting Corruption Trials, ‘Name and Shame’ Database

    • The COR NKRA implemented an initiative to expedite the judicial trial of corruption cases by setting up 14 special Sessions Courts to deal with the issue. The courts processed over 424 cases and completed 249 cases by the end of 2012.

    • The COR NKRA also set up a Convicted Corruption Offenders Database – a ‘Name and Shame’ database – in conjunction with the initiative to expedite the trial process. The database lists corruption offenders who were successfully prosecuted, and is publicly viewable from the Internet.

    • In addition to having to bear with public humiliation, offenders listed on the database also faced more practical consequences. The US embassy, for example, decided to use the list to bar the issuance of travel visas to listed offenders, thereby curbing their mobility. Other embassies are expected to follow the lead of the US government.

  • Stamping Out Corruption from Government Procurement, Corporates

    Stamping Out Corruption from Government Procurement, Corporates

    • The development of the MyProcurement electronic portal in the GTP 1.0 helped increase transparency of Government procurement practices thus raising confidence in the Government tender process. The portal lists more than 5,000 contracts on its website to date, and provides other pertinent information such as advertised and awarded tenders and dates, values of contracts and winners of tenders.

    • Meanwhile, the COR NKRA has also started addressing the issue of corruption in corporate entities via two separate initiatives:

      • Implementing integrity pacts: Introduced in 2011, the Ministry of Finance’s Integrity Pact commits Government vendors and suppliers to adhere to ethical behaviour. More than 132,000 vendors and suppliers have since signed the pact.

      • Corporate Integrity Pledge (CIP): The CIP was introduced to secure the cooperation of corporates to develop their own anti-corruption programmes. By the end of 2011, 64 companies had signed the pledge including some of the largest capitalised companies in the country as well as those involved in Entry Point Projects under the Economic Transformation Programme.

Fighting Corruption NKRA is under the tutelage of Prime Minister’s Department: Minister in charge of Law

Archievements To-Date
  • Whistleblower cases
    96 individuals have been given protection under the Whistleblower Protection Act (as of 2012)
  • Government contracts published online
    6,688 government contracts were published online (as of 2012)
  • Corruption Courts
    14 special corruption courts operational. 404 cases processed (as of 2012)
  • Procurement Accountability
    142,268 tendering for Government contracts have signed Integrity Pacts (as of 2012)
  • Corporate Integrity Pledge (CIP)
    154 companies (as of 2012) signed the CIP (www.cism.my)
  • Grand Corruption
    1172 offenders listed in database of convicted offenders (http://www.sprm.gov.my/)
  • Overall Perception - Transparency International (TI) Corruption Perception Index
    54th
    position in 2012 (from 60th in 2011)
  • Regulatory and Enforcement Agencies rating - TNS perception survey (as of November 2012)
    From 1 to 5, with 5 being extremely corrupt and 1 being least corrupt. The enforcement agencies were rated at 2.94.
  • Launch of anti-corruption mascot, tied in with pre-existing MACC hotline which is a single, easily recalled hotline for all corruption complaints
    Hotline:1800 88 6000
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